Demography as a Driver of Robonomics



Demography, Robots, Artificial Intelligence, Population decline, Fertility, Automation


This article looks into demographics and how the changes in demographics in the most developed countries in recent decades will work in ways to introduce more robots and automation technologies into the economy and society. The author looks at demographic and population trends to illustrate the expectations of substantial demographic decline in most countries. The discussion then turns to the social and technological factors that cause the decline in population in many developed countries, explaining how choice and fertility, technologies of contraception, and liberalized abortion laws have led to decreases in the number of humans born in the most developed countries. The article concludes, explaining the inevitable, that humanity is pushing itself into a robonomic economy with the challenges and externalities that will be substantial since there is a global tendency toward lower rates of fertility and an aging global population.

Author Biography

Craig Webster, Ball State University

Craig Webster (Ph.D.) is an Associate Professor in the Department of Applied Business Studies at Ball State University, USA. He received an Ph.D. in Political Science from Binghamton University and an MBA from Intercollege, Cyprus.  His research interests include the political economy of tourism, the management of events, and automation in the travel, tourism, and hospitality industry. Dr. Webster is the Editor-in-Chief of Tourism Today, has published in many peer-reviewed journals internationally, and is co-editor of two books, one with Emerald Publishing and one with Routledge. He currently teaches courses in Hospitality Management at Ball State University’s Miller College of Business.



How to Cite

Webster, C. (2021). Demography as a Driver of Robonomics. ROBONOMICS: The Journal of the Automated Economy, 1, 12. Retrieved from